In the midst of destruction, the United Nations saw potential for innovation and created the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in a fractured, post-World War II landscape. Made to build lasting peace and form bonds between people, UNESCO’s first directive was to rebuild schools, museums, libraries and other important cultural and intellectual sites after the war. Since its inception in 1945, UNESCO has positively impacted the world in a number of ways.
The five-year administration of the “world’s humblest president” is about to come to an end. José Mujica took office as President of Uruguay in March 2010, but never moved into the Presidential…
For decades, human industrial activity has polluted the atmosphere with heat-trapping gases, and we are now living through the consequences as the planet warms. The repercussions include melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and an increase in the number and severity of extreme weather events such as droughts, cyclones, and wildfires. According to data from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, an average of 28 million people were newly displaced by natural disasters each year between 2008 and 2013.
The purpose behind a successful mall is to meet all the shopper’s needs: a food court and places to buy furniture, clothing, entertainment, and electronic gadgets. However, all great things must come to an end; and malls in the modern age are increasingly ending up abandoned and subsequently demolished. Because online shopping is so popular (alongside staggering costs in rent), malls all over the US are being shut down and left to rot. Finding the time to go shopping these days can be quite a hassle, and everything is easier when it’s done online; especially during the holidays and the now-infamous “Black Friday”.
Shopping malls enjoyed their heyday before the internet came to knock them down. Malls were the only place where everything was in one convenient location; not only were malls an important part of consumer culture, but were also a part of regular American life. Many films, especially ones from the 80s and 90s, heavily feature shopping malls as an important location. Mallrats, Clueless, The Blues Brothers, and George Romero’s Dawn of the Dead, all have characters who spend major time in malls (though one just happens to be filled with zombies).
The very first enclosed shopping mall was built in Edina, Minnesota in 1956. Minnesota is also home to one of the biggest malls in the nation ,the Mall of America, which gets about 40 million visitors annually. The Mall boasts four levels and over 400 specialty shops and restaurants. So far it still stands…
The Collapse of the American Shopping Mall is a photo series/book by Seph Lawless that takes a look at the end of an era: the decline of the American shopping mecca known as the “mall”.
Perhaps Persepolis author Marjane Satrapi says it best: “The world is not divided between East and West. You are American, I am Iranian, we don’t know each other, but we talk and we understand each other perfectly. The difference between you and your government is much bigger than the difference between you and me. And the difference between me and my government is much bigger than the difference between me and you.
And our governments are very much the same.”
And yet–at least upon first glance–modern-day Iran couldn’t seem any more dissimilar to the United States. But as these images suggest, there once was a time when the streets of Tehran mirrored those of, say, L.A., and national leaders would engage in discourse that consisted of more than sighs, sanctions and spats. So just what exactly changed?