The Five Most Important Battles: Stalingrad, 1942-1943
Stalingrad was a crucial and the most bloodiest battle fought in WW2 that essentially led to the downfall of Hitler’s regime. The combat raged between August 1942 and February 1943, as Soviet and Nazi forces fought over a pivotal industrial city in the heart of Russia: Stalingrad.
The Nazis incurred heavy losses, with over one million killed and 91,000 captured. The Germans never fully recovered from their failure to capture Stalingrad, as it turned the tide of the eastern line in Europe making it one of the most important battles in history. Three years later, Hitler lost his war.
Battle of Tours, October 10, 732
The Battle of Tours is a little known battle that had huge consequences on the course of history for Europe. Also called the Battle of Poitiers, the battle took place in 732 and was fought between the Carolingian Franks, led by Charles Martel, and Umayyad Caliphate forces, led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi.
Though Muslim forces outnumbered the Franks by thousands, under Martel’s guidance, they managed to drive the intruders off the continent. Historians regard this as the turning point of Christianity and Islam in Europe, with Christianity essentially preserved by the victory of the European forces.
Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863
The three-day battle of Gettysburg is regarded as the turning point in the American Civil War. After 2 years of warfare conducted mostly in the South, Confederate general Robert E. Lee decided to take the war to the North. After weeks of maneuvering and skirmishes, the Northern forces, led by George Meade, met the Southern forces in the hills of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
After 2 days of deadlock on the battlefield, Lee decided to fully assault the North’s line by charging with his troops, leading to the infamous slaughter called Pickett’s Charge. Though both sides suffered heavy losses in the bloodiest battle in the Civil War, the South side struggled the most to recover from those losses. The war continued for two years, but the setback at Gettysburg kept the Southern forces on the defensive and entrenched in their own territory, leading to their eventual defeat.