The Orion Space Capsule From A To Z

It’s an exciting time to be alive. While NASA puts the finishing touches on the revolutionary new Orion Space Capsule, they’ve provided us with the ABCs of the Orion Space Capsule, detailing what’s new about Orion and where she plans to take humanity–far into deep space.

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A- Apogee

A is for Apogee: the furthest distance of an orbit from Earth.

B- Beyond Earth Orbit

B is for Beyond Earth Orbit: the intended destination of the Orion.

C- Crew Module

C is for Crew Module, where the crew of the Orion will ride into space.

D- Delta IV Heavy Rocket

D is for Delta IV Heavy Rocket, the propulsion source for the Orion space capsule.

E- ECLSS

ECLSS- Environmental Control and Life Support System. Each space suit is a little space ship and can protect astronauts from the harshness of space.

F- Frangible Joints

F is for Frangible Joints: these joints that unify Orion components are able to disintegrate cleanly into space.

G - Guppy

G is for Guppy: the Guppy is used to transport the space capsule from factory to factory as it is assembled.

H- Heat Shield

H is for Heat Shield: this is necessary because of the extreme friction and temperature experienced in space/re-entering the atmosphere.

I - Isogrid

I is for Isometric Grid: the isometric structure of Orion allows for a super-lightweight, super-strong capsule.

J- Jettison

J is for Jettison: "jettisoning" is the term for safely losing elements of the system, i.e: the Delta IV rocket components after launch.

K- Kinetic Energy

K is for Kinetic Energy: without it, we'd go nowhere.

L- Launch Escape System

L is for Launch Abort System: hopefully the astronauts will not have to use it, but this feature gets the capsule safely away from the launch pad in the event of a failure.

M - Mars

M is for Mars: a major destination for Orion.

N- Near Earth Objectxs

N is for Near Earth Objects: many of which we hope to study using the Orion system.

O- Ogive

O is for Ogive: the geometric term for the shape of Orion's protective sheath.

P- Parachutes

P is for Parachutes: you had better be sure these are working properly, otherwise CRUNCH.

Q- Quality

Q is for Quality: the quality of the team, the quality of the ship-- everything is top-notch at NASA.

R- Recovery

R is for Recovery: the most vital part of the mission, where the crew returns home safe with an armload of scientific data.

S- Service Module

S is for Service Module: this is where the bulk of the experimental equipment will reside.

T - Tiles

T is for Tiles: the special, heat-resistant tiles are absolutely vital for the space capsule to survive re-entry into Earth's atmosphere.

U - Upper Stage

U is for Upper Stage: packed full of reaction control and rockets to enter and alter the orbit of the capsule.

V- Van Allen Radiation Belt

V is for Van Allen Radiation Belts: these are a major obstacle for the astronauts traveling into deep space.

W - Welding

W is for Welding: without perfect welds, the Orion and its crew would be exposed to the vacuum of space.

X- X-ray testing

X is for X-Ray Testing: X-rays are used to ensure that the space capsule is perfectly built, inside and out.

orion-Y

Y is for YUma Proving Grounds: in Arizona, where the Orion capsule will be tested.

Z- Zero Insertion Force Connector

Z is for Zero Insertion Force Connector: a newly designed connector for perfectly smooth rendezvous between spaceships.

Created by NASA, this handy guide to the Orion Space Capsule is an exciting look into the future of human spaceflight. If you liked this, check out the story of the only humans to die in space!

2014 As Defined By The Year’s 25 Most Popular Songs

DJ Earworm is back at it again. Looking at Billboard charts as something of a canvas, Earworm borrows from the year’s biggest hits, splicing and dicing them into one seamless “pop pastiche”. Our year can be understood not through photos or stories, but song. More specifically, through what really made people move.

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Bombs, Fat Cats And Charlie Chaplin: Here’s What Wall Street Looked Like In The Early 20th Century

At first glance, this street could be just another 0.7-mile long stretch of road in the middle of a bustling city. But it’s so much more than that. Some consider it the heart of New York and, without a doubt, the city’s financial center (and some might say the world’s).

Wall Street and finance are inexorably linked, due in large part to the presence of the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, which is by far the biggest stock exchange in the world. Over time, the presence of the NYSE on this particular street ended up attracting other notable financial organizations until Wall Street became the financial juggernaut it is today.

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Wall Street Newspaper

At the end of the 19th century, the most important financial publication and the original stock report, the Customer’s Afternoon Letter, changed its name to the Wall Street Journal. This change would be vital in helping people associate Wall Street with stocks and finance. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Dow

At the end of the 19th century, Charles Dow began tracking stocks and, soon enough, his average prices were seen as a trusted benchmark. He would go on to found the Dow Jones & Company financial firm, a staple on Wall Street for over a century. Source: NJ

Wall Street NYSE

The New York Stock Exchange at the beginning of the 20th century. It might just be the most important financial building in the world. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Corner

The famed building on 23 Wall Street. It’s been the JP Morgan bank for most of its existence, but it’s known to most simply as The Corner. It still looks today very much like it did 100 years ago. Source: Finance Bookshelf

Wall Street Bombing

On September 16, 1920, Wall Street saw the deadliest terrorist act in U.S. history up until that point. A wagon with a bomb exploded on the street, killing 38 people and injuring hundreds. Source: New York Daily News

Wall Street Damage

The damage caused by the bomb is still visible on the JP Morgan building today. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Car

Nobody was ever charged with the bombing, although a group of Italian anarchists called Galleanists were thought responsible. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Floor

The trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange before the appearance of computers and digital screens. This is the chaotic image most of us have when we think of stock exchanges. Source: Compliance X

Wall Street Trading

The hustle & bustle of the stock exchange trading floor was subdued somewhat once ticker tapes were replaced with computers and digital screens. Source: Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Statue

Wall Street has always been a popular spot for public gatherings. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Chaplin

Celebrities were sometimes brought in to endorse companies and boost sales. Here is a rally on Wall Street where Charlie Chaplin is standing on the shoulders of actor Douglas Fairbanks. Source: Tumblr

Wall Street Hoffman

Notorious political activist Abbie Hoffman staged Wall Street protests in the 60s. Hoffman demonstrated his knowledge of political theater in the late 1960s by leading a group of protesters to Wall Street, where they threw dollar bills onto the trading floor. Predictably, the traders fought each other to pick up every last slice of currency. After this event, Hoffman would later go on to found the Yippies, or the Youth International Party. Source: Al Jazeera

Wall Street Bankers

The 20th century saw the development of numerous skyscrapers dominating the New York skyline. The original Bankers Trust building on 14 Wall Street is one of the oldest. It was built in 1912 and designated a New York landmark in 1997. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Irving

The Irving Trust Company Building to the right. Built in 1929, this building is situated at the corner of Wall Street and Broadway, two of the most famous streets in the world. Its address is 1 Wall Street. Source: Shorpy

Wall Street Church

Believe it or not, Wall Street is not all just financial buildings. The Trinity Church is one of its main attractions. Seen here in 1905, the church used to be an imposing building, but it has since been overshadowed by the skyscrapers built around it. Source: Photographium

Wall Street Crash

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, is the most famous (and most devastating) event in the history of the district. It sparked the 10-year long Great Depression. Source: Huffington Post

Wall Street Protest

Contrary to popular belief, the crash made a lot of people miserable but it didn’t lead to a wave of suicides consisting of bankers throwing themselves out windows. Source: Wordpress

Wall Street Riot

Following the crash, the streets of Wall Street became virtually inaccessible to vehicles due to protests and riots Source: Looseness Of Association

Wall Street Washington

George Washington’s statue in front of Federal Hall, just across from the NYSE is one of the most recognizable landmarks of Wall Street. It commemorates the fact that this is where Washington was sworn in as President. Source: Transmorgified

Wall Street Exchange

The look of the New York Stock Exchange has changed little over the last hundred years. Source: Wikipedia

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Of course, this wasn’t always the case. Wall Street has a long history with many significant events taking place, both good and bad. In the 17th century, the actual wall on Wall Street was used as fortifications against Native American tribes. In the early 18th century, Wall Street was the home of the first official slave market in New York City. In that same century, Wall Street served as the background for the inauguration of George Washington, the first presidential inauguration in U.S. history. It wasn’t really until the beginning of the 20th century that Wall Street started thriving as a financial center.

Want to see New York City in its chaotic early days (re: 1928)? Check out this video:

The Bicycle’s Deadly History

Bicycle History Woman

An actual ad from the Victorian era that used a nude woman to supposedly market the penny farthing bicycle to women, even though few women rode them
Source: Barntique Store

It may surprise you to learn that the history of the bicycle doesn’t actually begin with the penny farthing. In 1817, Karl Drais discovered that he could align two wheels and create a vehicle that could be propelled by a man’s (and they were a gentlemen-only vehicle) feet, allowing him to travel up to 14 mph. The Draisine, nicknamed the “dandy horse,” came and went fairly quickly.

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