Frank Lloyd Wright Practiced Sustainable Design Before It Was A Movement

In the United States, many conceive of the 20th century as a time when man successfully separated humanity from nature. One of the most obvious examples of this can be found in popular visions of modern architecture. After World War Two, the American economy thrived and suburban development quickly churned out homes to meet nationally increasing demand. And thus the suburbs as we think of them today were born. American city growth continued to expand outside of city centers and by the 1980s, suburbia was not just a growing reality but an ideal destination for many.

But some were uncomfortable with the cost of suburban sprawl. It seemed that homes grew bigger at the risk of habitat destruction and energy waste, while giving way to an aesthetically unpleasing uniformity. Born out of the 1970s environmental movement, contemporary architects have injected the concept of sustainability into their designs, seeking not to use the home to separate people from nature but as a device to re-integrate the two. For these designers, new home plans are focused on native material usage, energy efficiency, recycling and blending nature with human construction. But this isn’t completely a new concept; it’s a rediscovery of earlier principles.

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Smear Tactics: The Dirtiest Tricks In American Politics

mortal kombat Cruz and Clinton

Fight!

Get ready for the mud-slinging: the 2016 presidential hopefuls have taken out their magnifying glass and tweezers, looking for any opportunity to pick away at their opponents’ policy mistakes and, arguably more important, character. There’s a euphemism for it: “opposition research”.

Ted Cruz has already moved in on the attack against Secretary Clinton, starting a hashtag trend on Twitter called #StopHillary. It’s still early in the race, and we can be sure that Ms. Clinton has some tricks up her sleeve as well. One other thing we can be sure of is that this particular brand of American campaign tactics (namely, being on the offensive) has existed since the nation’s inception. Here are a few of the best (and most brutal) examples…

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The Violent Ways Humans Have Used Animals As Weapons

War Elephants

Source: Wikimedia

Humans have used animals as weapons for thousands of years. 2,000 years ago, Hannibal led the Carthaginian army riding war elephants to fight Rome. In reply, the Romans set pigs on fire and let them run free through enemy ranks to frighten the elephants.

In World War II, British Special Ops thought of stuffing dead rats with explosives and spreading them throughout Germany. They hoped that the Germans would gather the rats and dispose of them in industrial furnaces, causing explosions powerful enough to trigger catastrophic boiler failures. However, the Brits dropped the plan after their first shipment of explosive rats was intercepted by Nazi forces in 1941.


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26 Fantastic Vintage Behind-The-Scenes Star Wars Pictures

Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope debuted on May 25, 1977. George Lucas, the film’s writer and director, thought the movie would be a flop. Instead of attending the movie premiere, he went on a vacation to Hawaii with his friend Steven Spielberg. Little did he know that the film would gross almost 36 million dollars on opening weekend alone, launching one of the most successful film franchises in the world.

To the delight of millions, the Star Wars saga will continue this winter in a new film directed by J. J. Abrams. But before we start looking toward the future, let’s go back a few decades and reminisce over these vintage behind-the-scenes Star Wars pictures from the original three movies:

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