Roundhay Garden Scene, 1888
Before Thomas Edison revolutionized American cinema, this moving picture was in heavy circulation throughout Europe. Recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince, the Roundhay Garden Scene is the first celluloid film created. It was filmed at 12 frames per second and only captures two minutes of footage, but depicts a gathering at the home of Joseph and Sarah Whitely in Roundhay, Leeds, England on October 14, 1888.
Monkeyshines, circa 1889-1890
The first American film ever made, Monkeyshines was the creation of William Dickson to test the Kinetograph format. Inspired by Le Prince’s motion pictures, Thomas Edison developed the Kinetograph, the first practical moving picture camera, and the Kintescope, a manual, single-viewer lighted box to display the films. Monkeyshines films were three sets of experimental movies to test whether Edison’s patented invention worked.