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Children From Early 20th Century America Probably Worked Harder Than You

In an attempt to eliminate what it views as a global problem, the Obama administration is currently conducting an investigation on child labor around the world — from Russian children forced into pornography to child tobacco farmers in Nicaragua. The Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs has recently opened up a report for public comment, in which it identifies child labor practices in over one hundred countries and suggests ways to end them.

While a gander at these practices is indeed a bit jarring, the truth is that until relatively recently, the United States had its own sordid history with child labor. You can see for yourself in these photos from the Library of Congress:

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Child Labor 1900s Cover

Child laborers in a factory.

Child Labor 1900s Cherryville Mill

Girl in Cherryville Mill, Cherryville, North Carolina.

Child Labor 1900s Picking Cotton

10 year old Norma Lawrence picks 100 - 150 lbs of cotton per day in Comanche County, Oklahoma, 1916.

Child Labor 1900s Doffers

Young doffers at Elk Cotton Mill, Fayetteville, Tennessee. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Cranberries

8 year old Jennie picks cranberries at Theodore Budd's Bog at Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. She has missed 6 weeks of school already to do this work.

Child Labor 1900s Newsie

Francis Lance, 5, regularly sells newspapers on Grand Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Bootblack

A Greek bootblack, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Corn Thrashing

Corn thrashing during school hours on a farm in Dublin, Georgia.

Child Labor 1900s Cotton Mill

The young man sitting at this cotton mill warping machine has been working at Clyde Cotton Mill in Newton, North Carolina for two years. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Shoe Shine

Boy at Greel's Shoe-shining Parlor, Indianapolis, Indiana works some nights until 11 pm. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Band Making

Youngsters making bands from cotton, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Beet Farming

A well-to-do young man purposely kept out of school to harvest beets with this dangerous looking tool.

Child Labor 1900s Canning Machine

Working at a canning machine with open gears, J. S. Farrand Packing Co., Baltimore Maryland. 1909.

Child Labor 1900s Cigarettes

A widow and boy rolling papers for cigarettes in New York.

Child Labor 1900s Flower Making

Mother and children 11, 9, and 6 make artifical flowers. A two year old sibling is currently learning.

Child Labor 1900s Furniture Factory

Noon break for the workers at an Indianapolis furniture factory, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Glass Carrier

A "carrying-in boy" at Canton Glass Works, Marion, Indiana. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Heavy Load

Another J. S. Farrand worker, packing a heavy load, 1909.

Child Labor 1900s Lace

Katie, 13, and Angeline, 11, sew irish lace in New York for $1 a week. 1912.

Child Labor 1900s Melon Basket

Boy making melon baskets, Evansville, Indiana, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Nut Cracking

Joe, 10, Jospehine, 14, and Camille, 7 shelling nuts in a dirty tenement home, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Pea Sorter

The smallest pea sorter shown here at Ross's Cannery, in Seaford, Delaware is 5 years old. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Polishing Marble

Boy polishing marble at Vermont Marble Co., Centre Rutland, Vermont. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Saw

Boy working with a board saw alongside veteran worker.

Child Labor 1900s Steel Rods

Carrying "spragging irons" along an elevated track at the Bessie Mine, Alabama. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Stringing Beans

Workers stringing beans at J. S. Farrand Packing Company in a Baltimore, Maryland, 1909.

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Indonesia Is Burning, And The World Hasn’t Noticed

Indonesia Haze

School children in Indonesia walking through the haze caused by massive fires. Image Source: TODAYonline

The hypothetical “If a tree falls into the woods…” question explores how the experience of an event makes an event “real.” So what happens if an entire forested country burns and releases a toxic and deadly haze, and the media doesn’t cover it?

Indonesia is burning. More than 3,000 miles of burning forest and peat have already emitted more carbon dioxide in the past few months than the annual emissions of Germany. It’s the worst set of fires the country has seen since 1997, a year in which 15,000 children under the age of three died from air pollution. More than 500,000 respiratory tract infections have been reported since July 1, and Indonesia’s 43 million people have been inhaling toxic fumes for months. Some children have already died from complications, while others have been evacuated out of the country on emergency warships. Blame the Indonesia fire’s slow burn, or global short attention spans for a lack of coverage, but this story has been building for months without much of an audience — and it’s not just an Indonesian problem.

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Photo Of The Day: WW1 German U-Boat Washes Ashore In Britain

Beached German Submarine

U-118, a WWI German U-boat, washed ashore in Britain one year after it was built. Image Source: Rare Historical Photos

German U-boats were among the most feared weapons of World War I. And when one (U-118) washed ashore in Britain like a beached whale, people from all around flocked to take a look.

U-118 was launched on Feb. 23, 1918, surrendered exactly one year later, and then landed–unassisted–in Hastings a few months later after the tow line taking it to France broke. The French ship towing U-118 tried to shoot it to pieces after it drifted ashore, but it remained generally intact and the submarine’s proximity to the Queens hotel stymied further shots. And it stayed generally intact for months on the beach of Hastings.

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