Sintra, The Portuguese City Of Architectural Delights

Sintra Portugal Pena Palace

The splendid Pena National Palace overlooking the town of Sintra, Portgual. Source: Flickr

Sintra is a three-dimensional anthology of architectural pleasure. Located on the Atlantic coast and only a half-hour’s drive from the capital city of Lisbon, the Portuguese city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995.

Sintra’s abundant architectural and historical attractions include a municipal building completed in 1154, the royal palace whose conical kitchen chimneys rise into the sky like twin birthday hats, and the Quinta da Regaleira with its enigmatic sculpture and mossy, fairy-tale well.

Anywhere else these would be showstoppers, but in Sintra, they are just the opening acts. Arguably, the three most impressive sites are the Pena National Palace, the Islamic castle, and the Monserrate estate.

Sintra, Portugal: Pena National Palace

This spectacular building rises out of the foggy hills just beyond Sintra city limits, and with the color-scheme of a Lego set. Formerly a refuge of monastic silence, the site received a royal makeover in the mid-1800s when King Ferdinand and Queen Maria II decided it would make a lovely summer retreat.

The result would be an architectural mash-up of Islamic, Gothic, and neo-Renaissance styles with domes, parapets and vaulted arches arranged in dazzling juxtaposition. The royal family, though, only enjoyed it for a few decades before the Portuguese state bought the palace in 1889. It is still used for occasional high-level government meetings, but the most frequent visitors are tourists.

The Islamic Castle And Fortress Walls

Islamic Castle Sintra

The 1,300-year-old fortified walls of Sintra’s Islamic castle. Source: Flickr

Often called the Moorish castle, this incredible fortress was constructed around 1,300 years ago, possibly on the site of an older stronghold built by the Visigoths. For a couple hundred years, the castle passed back-and-forth between Iberia’s Islamic and Christian rulers as the faiths battled for control of the peninsula.

The impressive fortress walls wind up and down the hillsides, and on less foggy days offer spectacular views of the surrounding countryside. They also, in certain angles, look a bit like Great Wall of China.

The Monserrate Estate

Sintra Portugal Monserrate Estate

The exquisite Monserrate estate forms part of the UNESCO-recognized “Sintra Cultural Landscape.” Source: Flickr

Built by a wealthy British trader at the end of the 18th century, the stunning Monserrate palace and gardens were inspired by the architectural wonders of India. The architects combined Indian design with North African and Iberian Islamic concepts as well as European influences to produce the incredible building and its surrounding botanical gardens. The poet Lord Byron vacationed here in 1809 and would declare,

Lo! Cintra’s glorious Eden intervenes
In variegated maze of mount and glen.
Ah me! What hand can pencil guide, or pen,
To follow half on which the eye dilates
Through views more dazzling unto mortal ken
Than those whereof such things the bard relates,
Who to the awe-stuck world unlocked Elysium’s gates?

Let your own eye dilate a little more at the wonders of Sintra, Portugal in our gallery below:

Sintra Portugal Photograph
Sintra Royal Palace
Pena National Palace Picture
The Red Tower Of Sintra Portugal
Sintra, The Portuguese City Of Architectural Delights
View Gallery

If you need video proof that Portugal should be the site of your next vacation, let this three-minute feature work its magic:

For more remarkable European destinations, check out our posts on Roman ruins outside of Italy and European natural wonders!

John
John has been writing for All That Is Interesting since 2014 and now lives in Madrid, Spain, where he writes and consults on international development projects in East Africa.
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