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Photo Of The Day: Celebrate Edwin Hubble’s Birthday With This Awe-Inspiring Space Photo

Hubble Image

A picture of numerous galaxies taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Image Source: HubbleSite

When people hear the name “Hubble,” they likely think of the Hubble Space Telescope, which has brought the wonders of the universe to all of us. It showed us that we are just a drop in a system of 100 billion galaxies. Yet the scientist behind the telescope’s name, Edwin Hubble, was just as important (if not more) in opening the eyes of the world to the wonders of space.

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Children From Early 20th Century America Probably Worked Harder Than You

In an attempt to eliminate what it views as a global problem, the Obama administration is currently conducting an investigation on child labor around the world — from Russian children forced into pornography to child tobacco farmers in Nicaragua. The Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs has recently opened up a report for public comment, in which it identifies child labor practices in over one hundred countries and suggests ways to end them.

While a gander at these practices is indeed a bit jarring, the truth is that until relatively recently, the United States had its own sordid history with child labor. You can see for yourself in these photos from the Library of Congress:

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Child Labor 1900s Cover

Child laborers in a factory.

Child Labor 1900s Cherryville Mill

Girl in Cherryville Mill, Cherryville, North Carolina.

Child Labor 1900s Picking Cotton

10 year old Norma Lawrence picks 100 - 150 lbs of cotton per day in Comanche County, Oklahoma, 1916.

Child Labor 1900s Doffers

Young doffers at Elk Cotton Mill, Fayetteville, Tennessee. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Cranberries

8 year old Jennie picks cranberries at Theodore Budd's Bog at Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. She has missed 6 weeks of school already to do this work.

Child Labor 1900s Newsie

Francis Lance, 5, regularly sells newspapers on Grand Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Bootblack

A Greek bootblack, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Corn Thrashing

Corn thrashing during school hours on a farm in Dublin, Georgia.

Child Labor 1900s Cotton Mill

The young man sitting at this cotton mill warping machine has been working at Clyde Cotton Mill in Newton, North Carolina for two years. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Shoe Shine

Boy at Greel's Shoe-shining Parlor, Indianapolis, Indiana works some nights until 11 pm. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Band Making

Youngsters making bands from cotton, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Beet Farming

A well-to-do young man purposely kept out of school to harvest beets with this dangerous looking tool.

Child Labor 1900s Canning Machine

Working at a canning machine with open gears, J. S. Farrand Packing Co., Baltimore Maryland. 1909.

Child Labor 1900s Cigarettes

A widow and boy rolling papers for cigarettes in New York.

Child Labor 1900s Flower Making

Mother and children 11, 9, and 6 make artifical flowers. A two year old sibling is currently learning.

Child Labor 1900s Furniture Factory

Noon break for the workers at an Indianapolis furniture factory, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Glass Carrier

A "carrying-in boy" at Canton Glass Works, Marion, Indiana. 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Heavy Load

Another J. S. Farrand worker, packing a heavy load, 1909.

Child Labor 1900s Lace

Katie, 13, and Angeline, 11, sew irish lace in New York for $1 a week. 1912.

Child Labor 1900s Melon Basket

Boy making melon baskets, Evansville, Indiana, 1908.

Child Labor 1900s Nut Cracking

Joe, 10, Jospehine, 14, and Camille, 7 shelling nuts in a dirty tenement home, 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Pea Sorter

The smallest pea sorter shown here at Ross's Cannery, in Seaford, Delaware is 5 years old. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Polishing Marble

Boy polishing marble at Vermont Marble Co., Centre Rutland, Vermont. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Saw

Boy working with a board saw alongside veteran worker.

Child Labor 1900s Steel Rods

Carrying "spragging irons" along an elevated track at the Bessie Mine, Alabama. 1910.

Child Labor 1900s Stringing Beans

Workers stringing beans at J. S. Farrand Packing Company in a Baltimore, Maryland, 1909.

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Photo Of The Day: WW1 German U-Boat Washes Ashore In Britain

Beached German Submarine

U-118, a WWI German U-boat, washed ashore in Britain one year after it was built. Image Source: Rare Historical Photos

German U-boats were among the most feared weapons of World War I. And when one (U-118) washed ashore in Britain like a beached whale, people from all around flocked to take a look.

U-118 was launched on Feb. 23, 1918, surrendered exactly one year later, and then landed–unassisted–in Hastings a few months later after the tow line taking it to France broke. The French ship towing U-118 tried to shoot it to pieces after it drifted ashore, but it remained generally intact and the submarine’s proximity to the Queens hotel stymied further shots. And it stayed generally intact for months on the beach of Hastings.

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Photo Of The Day: What’s Inside The Time Capsule Of Humanity We Made For Aliens

Voyager Golden Record

The Golden Record was launched into space on board the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. The information contained is a mini time capsule of humanity as of 1977. Image Source: Wikipedia

What would you tell the universe about humanity if you had the chance? This is essentially the question that was answered when NASA launched Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 in 1977 to feed information about Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune back to Earth. Scientists knew that Jupiter’s gravity would give the spacecrafts enough velocity to leave the orbit of the sun and enter into the greater Milky Way, eternally drifting further and further from our solar system.

In case these spacecrafts ever made contact with aliens (with the capability to use human technology, understand human language, and read the written word), each Voyager had an 8-track tape memory system, computers (with less processing power than a smartphone) and a copper phonograph LP that became known as the “Golden Record”, featuring a collection of images and sounds.

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