Nixon’s “Thumbs Up” Resignation

Nixon After Resigning 1974

Following a series of scandals that devastated a vulnerable nation along with the ambitions of a less-than saintly presidential administration, Richard Nixon said sayonara to the Oval Office on August 9, 1974.

Straight from the pages of future President George H.W. Bush’s journal:

“There is no way to really describe the emotion of the day. Bar [Bush’s wife, Barbara] and I went down and had breakfast at the White House. Dean and Pat Burch and the Buchanans were there in the Conference Mess. There was an aura of sadness, like somebody died. Grief. Saw Tricia and Eddie Cox [President Nixon’s daughter and her husband] in the Rose Garden – talked to them on the way to the ceremony.

President Nixon looked just awful. He used glasses – the first time I ever saw them. Close to breaking down – understandably. Everyone in the room in tears.

The speech was vintage Nixon – a kick or two at the press – enormous strains. One couldn’t help but look at the family and the whole thing and think of his accomplishments and then think of the shame and wonder kind of man is this really. No morality – kicking his friends in those tapes – all of them. Gratuitous abuse. Caring for no one yet doing so much. When he used the word ‘plumbers’ [in his speech] meaning it [as] ‘laboring with his hands’, the connotation was a shock to me.”

The World According To Japan

Japanese World Map 1853

Finding itself smack-dab in the middle of the known world, this 1853 map proves that ethnocentrism isn’t a uniquely American phenomenon. At this point in time, Japan was run by the Tokuguwa shogunate, the last feudal military government of its kind. It was during this period that the shogunate ended its isolationist trade policies and, as the map suggest, really opened itself up to the rest of the world.

A History Of Censorship In Film

Learning to expose an image inevitably entails exposing yourself. The birth of cinema has brought that kind of exposure–in all of its forms–to the masses. It has also inspired entire movements from all societal swaths to censor such carnal honesty. CineFix explores the history of censorship in the American film industry and we highly recommend you check it out.

1950s and 1960s Egypt: When Arab Modernity Allowed Bikinis

If you even so much as glance at a newspaper these days, you’ll see that Egypt is very much in the throes of an identity crisis. This is nothing new, and as these images suggest, much of these differing viewpoints on what a modern Egypt “should” look like stems from social and political thought in the mid 20th century.

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1960s Egypt Color

Women and men embrace the summer heat at a beach in 1964. Source: Egyptian Streets

Egypt Boat

Sunbathers near the Port of Alexandria, 1955. Source: Foreign Policy

Women Students

Skirts and schooling for women in 1966 Aswan. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser shaped the face of Egypt from 1956 to 1970. A critical time on national and international fronts, his social justice-oriented ambitions did not come entirely democratically. He won his second term by legally forbidding others to run against him. Source: Shmoop

1960s Egypt Tahrir Square

Tahrir Square in the 1960s Source: Egyptian Streets

Egypt Magazine 1960s

A woman reading an Egyptian magazine in the 1950s. Source: Egyptian Streets

Egypt Vespa

Vespa uses Cairo--not Rome-- as the scenic backdrop for a 1950 advertisement. Source: Egyptian Streets

Jewish Dept. Store

An advertisement for a Jewish department store, Benzion, in Egyptian publications. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Bikinis

Young women hanging out at Sidi Bishr beach in 1959. Source: Foreign Policy

Swim Suits Egypt

Agami Beach, the Egyptian Saint-Tropez, in 1956. Source: Foreign Policy

1960s Egypt Beach

Friends gather at Alexandria's Sidi Bishr beach in 1959. Source: Foreign Policy


Students in the quad at Cairo University, 1960. At this point in time Egyptian education was considered by many to be one of the best in the world. Source: Egyptian Streets

Bra Ads

A 1960 ad for soap features a woman in her underwear. Source: Egyptian Streets

Bishr Beach

A couple in front of the Sidi Bishr beach cabanas in 1959. Source: Foreign Policy

1960s Egypt Beauty Pageant

A 1956 beauty competition. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Marlboro

Marlboro makes its way to Egypt in the 1960s; smoking is still a huge. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Police Woman

A woman directs traffic in the 1960s. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Female Soldier

A woman arming herself in 1956. During the 1950s when Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and joined together in resistance against the Israeli-French-British attack, it wasn't uncommon for women to volunteer to fight. Unless filling administrative spots, women today cannot assume such roles. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Women

Women engage in political rallies in Assiut: not a single one is wearing a veil or conservative dress. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Coca Cola

Egyptian star Magda appears in a 1952 Coca-Cola ad. Source: Egyptian Streets

1960s Egypt Family

The Alexandria waterfront at Montaza Palace, 1956. Source: Foreign Policy

1960s Egypt Bathing Suits

Taken in 1959, this photo captures Alexandria at its cosmopolitan height. Six languages were regularly spoken in Egypt's second largest city, and Arabs, Sephardic Jews and Europeans would intermingle peacefully, sporting whatever clothing they pleased. Much of this influence changed upon the arrival of Gamal Abdel Nasser, who made it his presidential ambition to shirk Egypt of its colonial past and cultivate an "authentic" Arab identity--even if it meant repressing those whose understanding of "Arabness" included a very public display of one's religion. Today, Alexandria is one of the most conservative cities in Egypt. Source: Foreign Policy

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