The Amazon rainforest is superlative in just about every way. It’s twice the size of India, houses at least 10 percent of the world’s known biodiversity, and typically absorbs 1.5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. Its size and titles do not guarantee its permanence, however. The deforestation industry, illegal land grabbers and investment-seeking governments are wiping the Amazon out out. Market forces of globalization only hasten its death.
TIME Features Its Picks For The Year’s Best Photojournalism From the civil war in the Central African Republic to the bloating Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, to the escalating…
One of the largest empires of the world was the mighty Russian Empire that thrived from 1720 until 1917. It stretched across three continents, encompassed diverse lands and people, and crushed Napoleon when he was reckless enough to attempt to conquer it. The October Revolution of 1917 would put an end to imperial Russia but two photographers, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky and Piotr Vedenisov, managed to capture life before the revolution, and they did it in full color.
At first glance, this street could be just another 0.7-mile long stretch of road in the middle of a bustling city. But it’s so much more than that. Some consider it the heart of New York and, without a doubt, the city’s financial center (and some might say the world’s).
Wall Street and finance are inexorably linked, due in large part to the presence of the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, which is by far the biggest stock exchange in the world. Over time, the presence of the NYSE on this particular street ended up attracting other notable financial organizations until Wall Street became the financial juggernaut it is today.
Of course, this wasn’t always the case. Wall Street has a long history with many significant events taking place, both good and bad. In the 17th century, the actual wall on Wall Street was used as fortifications against Native American tribes. In the early 18th century, Wall Street was the home of the first official slave market in New York City. In that same century, Wall Street served as the background for the inauguration of George Washington, the first presidential inauguration in U.S. history. It wasn’t really until the beginning of the 20th century that Wall Street started thriving as a financial center.
Want to see New York City in its chaotic early days (re: 1928)? Check out this video:
In every conurbation in Brazil, all across the country, there exists a separate state-within-a-state that houses over 11 million of the nation’s poor. Over 6 percent of the country’s population lives in this archipelago of slums, which puts them almost entirely out of the authority of the central government. These are the favelas, and they are almost a foreign country that maintains a state of cold war with Brazilian officials.
The only contact most residents of these favelas have with the government that theoretically represents them is the occasional police raid. Most are not provided with basic services, and violence is the only currency that passes between the mafia-ruled slums and the central authorities. The people of the favelas are on their own, in other words, and they’ve built up their communities as colorful, crowded and utterly unique city-states that have held their own against a hostile world for decades.
And then a more in-depth analysis of the violence in urban Brazilian slums: