20 Alarming Photos Of The Disappearing Amazon

Disappearing Amazon

An area deforested for cattle ranching in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. Source: Wall Street Journal

The Amazon rainforest is superlative in just about every way. It’s twice the size of India, houses at least 10 percent of the world’s known biodiversity, and typically absorbs 1.5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. Its size and titles do not guarantee its permanence, however. The deforestation industry, illegal land grabbers and investment-seeking governments are wiping the Amazon out out. Market forces of globalization only hasten its death.

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31 Stunning Photos Of Imperial Russia In Color

One of the largest empires of the world was the mighty Russian Empire that thrived from 1720 until 1917. It stretched across three continents, encompassed diverse lands and people, and crushed Napoleon when he was reckless enough to attempt to conquer it. The October Revolution of 1917 would put an end to imperial Russia but two photographers, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky and Piotr Vedenisov, managed to capture life before the revolution, and they did it in full color.

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Imperial Russia In Color

Caption: Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky was born in Vladimir Oblast, Russia in 1863. Combining his work in chemistry with art, he pioneered color photography by taking three photos in succession through red, green and blue filters that would become a composite color photo. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Tolstoy

Gorsky’s photo of Leo Tolstoy would gain him fame among the royals, and he would soon receive funding to document Russia in color for Tsar Nicholas II from 1909 to 1915. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Girls

Gorsky’s work captured the diversity of the Russian Empire’s citizens, from rural peasants to royalty. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Inmates

A zindan, or prison, in Bukhara, of modern day Uzbekistan. Zindans were typically built underground. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Dagestan

A couple wearing traditional clothing poses for Gorsky in Dagestan. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Krygyz

Gorsky was granted special access to restricted areas of the Empire. Here, he photographs a nomadic Kyrgyz family on the steppe. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Jewish Teacher

A Jewish teacher instructs his students in Samarkand, an intellectual and economic hub on the Silk Road. Samarkand is a highly diverse city, home to Tajiks, Persians, Arabs, Jews and Russians. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Children

Russian children relax on a hillside near White Lake, in northern European Russia. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Emir Khan

Shortly after his rise to power, Emir Khan of Bukhara posed for a portrait for Gorsky. Bukhara was a vassal state of the Russian Empire in Islamic Central Asia. The emir fled to Afghanistan after the Red Army sacked the city and abolished his dynasty. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Storks

Gorsky captures storks building a nest on what is most likely a mosque in Bukhara. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Fabric Merchant

A fabric merchant poses among his wares on the Silk Road, which stretched from China and India to Central Asia, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Source: Tmora

Imperial Russia In Color Sulyukta Mines

Gorsky documents travelers with their camels near Sulukta in modern day Kyrgyzstan. Source: Tmora

Imperial Russia In Color Camp

Gorsky catches himself in this photo on the right in 1912 at Chusovaya. Source: Kuriositas

Imperial Russia In Color Camel

A Turkmen man crouches with camel laden with packs in Central Asia. Source: Blogspot

Imperial Russia In Color Ukraine

A young girl in traditional garb poses in what was referred to as Little Russia, now known as Ukraine. Source: Blogspot

Imperial Russia In Color Church

Gorsky also catalogued buildings, houses and nature for his project, including this church in Nyrob. Source: Blogspot

Imperial Russia In Color Monastery

The Assumption Monastery in Pereiaslavl-Zalesskii display the peaked domes common in Russian church construction. Source: Blogspot

Imperial Russia In Color Mosque

View of the Shakh-I Zindeh mosque in Samarkand as the sun sets. Currently, just over 11% of Russians identify as Muslim. Source: Blogspot

Imperial Russia In Color Head Study

Gorsky also photographed members of upper class society. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Uzbek Woman

Sart woman wearing a paranja in Samarkand, which is now part of Uzbekistan. Source: Public Domain

Imperial Russia In Color Artists

Gorsky sits to the right of two guards for the Murmansk railway. Source: Wikimedia

Imperial Russia In Color Man Robe

A bureaucrat in Bukhara poses in a brightly colored robe for Gorsky. Source: Magic Mouse

Imperial Russia In Color Caucasus

A Kurdish mother sits with her children in Artvin, now part of northeastern Turkey. Source: Trash Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Georgian Woman

A Georgian woman dressed in regal attire poses on a rug in the forest. Source: Trash Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Samarkand Man

Gorsky had the ability to capture both the strength and vulnerability of the peasant class without being judgmental. His photos are an eye-opening glimpse into an empire on the verge of revolution and war. Source: Trash Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Table

Peter Vedenisov was a pianist with an interest in color photography. He made color autochromes on glass that he could project onto a wall. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Kosakov Daughter

Vedenisov worked primarily with aristocratic families, particularly the Kosakovs, and managed to capture a different style of life from the peasants of the Russian Empire. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Kosakov Family

The Kosakovs were friends of the Vedenisovs. Here, the women and children of the family pose. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Patriarch

A Crimean patriarch sits for a photo, wearing an eye patch. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Crimean Woman

A Crimean woman of wealth poses in a garden, surrounded by opulent flowers. Source: English Russia

Imperial Russia In Color Yalta

Vedenisov lived for years in Yalta and captured pictures of ships in the port. A resort town, Yalta sits in Crimea, a now disputed area of Ukraine. Source: English Russia

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Bombs, Fat Cats And Charlie Chaplin: Here’s What Wall Street Looked Like In The Early 20th Century

At first glance, this street could be just another 0.7-mile long stretch of road in the middle of a bustling city. But it’s so much more than that. Some consider it the heart of New York and, without a doubt, the city’s financial center (and some might say the world’s).

Wall Street and finance are inexorably linked, due in large part to the presence of the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, which is by far the biggest stock exchange in the world. Over time, the presence of the NYSE on this particular street ended up attracting other notable financial organizations until Wall Street became the financial juggernaut it is today.

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Wall Street Newspaper

At the end of the 19th century, the most important financial publication and the original stock report, the Customer’s Afternoon Letter, changed its name to the Wall Street Journal. This change would be vital in helping people associate Wall Street with stocks and finance. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Dow

At the end of the 19th century, Charles Dow began tracking stocks and, soon enough, his average prices were seen as a trusted benchmark. He would go on to found the Dow Jones & Company financial firm, a staple on Wall Street for over a century. Source: NJ

Wall Street NYSE

The New York Stock Exchange at the beginning of the 20th century. It might just be the most important financial building in the world. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Corner

The famed building on 23 Wall Street. It’s been the JP Morgan bank for most of its existence, but it’s known to most simply as The Corner. It still looks today very much like it did 100 years ago. Source: Finance Bookshelf

Wall Street Bombing

On September 16, 1920, Wall Street saw the deadliest terrorist act in U.S. history up until that point. A wagon with a bomb exploded on the street, killing 38 people and injuring hundreds. Source: New York Daily News

Wall Street Damage

The damage caused by the bomb is still visible on the JP Morgan building today. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Car

Nobody was ever charged with the bombing, although a group of Italian anarchists called Galleanists were thought responsible. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Floor

The trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange before the appearance of computers and digital screens. This is the chaotic image most of us have when we think of stock exchanges. Source: Compliance X

Wall Street Trading

The hustle & bustle of the stock exchange trading floor was subdued somewhat once ticker tapes were replaced with computers and digital screens. Source: Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Statue

Wall Street has always been a popular spot for public gatherings. Source: Blogspot

Wall Street Chaplin

Celebrities were sometimes brought in to endorse companies and boost sales. Here is a rally on Wall Street where Charlie Chaplin is standing on the shoulders of actor Douglas Fairbanks. Source: Tumblr

Wall Street Hoffman

Notorious political activist Abbie Hoffman staged Wall Street protests in the 60s. Hoffman demonstrated his knowledge of political theater in the late 1960s by leading a group of protesters to Wall Street, where they threw dollar bills onto the trading floor. Predictably, the traders fought each other to pick up every last slice of currency. After this event, Hoffman would later go on to found the Yippies, or the Youth International Party. Source: Al Jazeera

Wall Street Bankers

The 20th century saw the development of numerous skyscrapers dominating the New York skyline. The original Bankers Trust building on 14 Wall Street is one of the oldest. It was built in 1912 and designated a New York landmark in 1997. Source: Wikimedia

Wall Street Irving

The Irving Trust Company Building to the right. Built in 1929, this building is situated at the corner of Wall Street and Broadway, two of the most famous streets in the world. Its address is 1 Wall Street. Source: Shorpy

Wall Street Church

Believe it or not, Wall Street is not all just financial buildings. The Trinity Church is one of its main attractions. Seen here in 1905, the church used to be an imposing building, but it has since been overshadowed by the skyscrapers built around it. Source: Photographium

Wall Street Crash

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, is the most famous (and most devastating) event in the history of the district. It sparked the 10-year long Great Depression. Source: Huffington Post

Wall Street Protest

Contrary to popular belief, the crash made a lot of people miserable but it didn’t lead to a wave of suicides consisting of bankers throwing themselves out windows. Source: Wordpress

Wall Street Riot

Following the crash, the streets of Wall Street became virtually inaccessible to vehicles due to protests and riots Source: Looseness Of Association

Wall Street Washington

George Washington’s statue in front of Federal Hall, just across from the NYSE is one of the most recognizable landmarks of Wall Street. It commemorates the fact that this is where Washington was sworn in as President. Source: Transmorgified

Wall Street Exchange

The look of the New York Stock Exchange has changed little over the last hundred years. Source: Wikipedia

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Of course, this wasn’t always the case. Wall Street has a long history with many significant events taking place, both good and bad. In the 17th century, the actual wall on Wall Street was used as fortifications against Native American tribes. In the early 18th century, Wall Street was the home of the first official slave market in New York City. In that same century, Wall Street served as the background for the inauguration of George Washington, the first presidential inauguration in U.S. history. It wasn’t really until the beginning of the 20th century that Wall Street started thriving as a financial center.

Want to see New York City in its chaotic early days (re: 1928)? Check out this video:

Color, Chaos And Crime: Inside Brazil’s Favelas

In every conurbation in Brazil, all across the country, there exists a separate state-within-a-state that houses over 11 million of the nation’s poor. Over 6 percent of the country’s population lives in this archipelago of slums, which puts them almost entirely out of the authority of the central government. These are the favelas, and they are almost a foreign country that maintains a state of cold war with Brazilian officials.

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Favelas Nova Friburgo

If your neighborhood is ever used as a Call of Duty map, you might want to consider moving. Welcome to Favela Nova Friburgo, where residents place rain-collecting tubs on the rooftops because water service is unreliable and expensive. Source: Wikipedia

Favelas Long

Rio de Janeiro alone is home to over 1.4 million favela dwellers. Some of the larger neighborhoods sprawl over whole mountainsides and spill down into the lowlands. Source: Be Local

Favelas Vidigal Mountain Beach

Source: The Guardian

Favelas Chatting

Source: The Guardian

Favelas Vila Kids Soccer

Soccer is absurdly popular in Brazil. The country hosted the 2014 World Cup, which was ironically the occasion for radical slum clearance in Brazil. Also, note that the fantasy depicted in the mural is of—another favela where kids are playing soccer, but with a slightly higher-quality ball. Source: Reuters

Favelas Rocinha Police Occupation

Brazilians lead a 21-nation survey in reporting fear of their own police. Nationally, more than 80 percent of Brazilians are afraid of being tortured if they get arrested. On the other hand, can you imagine how badass you'd feel riding to the police station inside one of those? Source: Riot Times Online

Favelas Lone Tree

A tree grows 4,814 miles from Brooklyn. Source: Durian Blender

Favelas Tangled Wires

You'd be surprised how few mafias keep qualified electricians on the payroll. Many electrical wires in favelas are strung and maintained by "casual" organizations. Source: YY In Brazil

Favelas Santa Marta Beach

Favela Santa Marta was laid out before slum tourism was imaginable. Like many Brazilian slums, it is separated from the white sand beaches and expensive tourist hotels by several city blocks, a sharp rise in elevation, and a thick screen of trees. Source: Wikipedia

Favelas Do Moinho Skyscrapers

Source: Wikipedia

Favelas Rochina Tourist

Wealthy people from first world countries frequently enjoy visiting favelas before returning home and telling everybody how moving the slum conditions were. Surprisingly few of them are ever kidnapped for ransom. Source: Favelissues

Favelas Garbage Chute

Driving a garbage truck through the largely unpaved and highly irregular streets of Favela da Mineira is all but impossible. The solution is this large chute, which empties into portable bins. Cutouts permit access to loosen obstructions, which is easily the third- or fourth-most-depressing job on Earth. Source: Rio Real Blog

Favelas Vertical Street

Source: Vice

Favelas Not Detroit

Pictured: surprisingly not Detroit. Source: Johnson Matel

Favelas Panoramic View

Source: The Guardian

Favelas Police Logo

Source: The Guardian

Favelas Soldier And Kids

"Citizens! Be calm! You are now safe from street violence! Prepare for an airstrike!" Source: Black Women Of Brazil

Favelas Via Mimosa Prostitute

A low-profile participant in the Brazilian tourist industry takes a break for lunch in Via Mimosa, Rio's oldest red light district. Source: Wordpress

Favelas Starship Troopers

These men of Brazil's special police force are doing their part to provide security for the World Cup and defeat the Bug Menace. Join up today. Service guarantees citizenship! Source: Reddit

The only contact most residents of these favelas have with the government that theoretically represents them is the occasional police raid. Most are not provided with basic services, and violence is the only currency that passes between the mafia-ruled slums and the central authorities. The people of the favelas are on their own, in other words, and they’ve built up their communities as colorful, crowded and utterly unique city-states that have held their own against a hostile world for decades.

And then a more in-depth analysis of the violence in urban Brazilian slums:

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