Ingrid Bergman In Exile
(Gordon Parks, 1949) This shot of an isolated Ingrid Bergman was taken during the filming of “Stromboli” while in exile in Italy. Bergman’s flee abroad was a response to the public scorn to which she was subject (even the U.S. Senate denounced her as “a powerful influence for evil) for having an affair–and ultimately a child–with Italian director Roberto Rossellini while still married to her Swedish husband. Bergman would later marry Rossellini, have three more children (including famed actress Isabella Rossellini), and then divorce him in 1957. While Bergman did return to the United States, her private decisions as a woman tended to divide her professional life into “Before” and “After” the affair. No matter, though; Bergman’s work in “Anastasia” won her an Oscar for Best Actress in 1956.
(Photographer unknown, 1921-1923) An image accurately representing Germany’s the pervasive hyperinflation, this photo depicts children playing with worthless German currency. At the height of Germany’s hyperinflation, it took 4.2 trillion Deutsche Marks to equal $1 USD. War reparations after World War I saddled the country with huge debt to other countries (namely the United States) and stoked emotional vulnerabilities that helped enable Adolf Hitler’s words resonate with many struggling Germans.