10 Sex-Changing Animals That Don’t Adhere To Gender Roles

Gender absolutely exists on a spectrum — and these animals prove it.

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For definitive proof that gender is indeed fluid, look no further than the animal kingdom. There, certain organisms change their reproductive identities or adapt the behavior of the opposite sex based on a time-specific need. Some animals even have working male and female genitalia.

Here are ten fascinating animals whose sex isn’t black-and-white:

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NASA Feed Goes Dead After Unidentified Object Passes Through Space Toward Earth

Edited video featuring a close-up, slowed-down version of the portion of the NASA feed containing the object in question.

On July 9, a live video broadcast from the International Space Station revealed an unidentified object flying through space toward Earth — just before the feed went dead. In the five days since, conspiracy theorists and UFO hunters have run wild with theories involving extraterrestrials and government cover-ups.

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21 Sleep Facts To Tide You Over Until Bed Time

Getting a good night’s rest is crucial for your health. But even though sleep deprivation can be deadly, most of us simply aren’t getting enough time to recharge. Here are 21 surprising sleep facts that help explain why bedtime might be the most important activity of the day.

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Sleep Facts

Pixabay Humans spend around one third of their lives sleeping.

Sleep Phone

Jean-Sebastien Evrard /AFP/Getty ImagesOur dependence on technology extends even to sleep ,apparently: One survey found that 71 percent of adults sleep with their phone nearby.

Nap Couch

Dominique Faget /AFP/Getty ImagesIndulging in an afternoon nap could make you more productive, and improve your memory and creativity, according to Harvard Medical School. They recommend keeping naps short: 20-30 minutes at most.

Couple 1

Hero Images/Getty Images Twenty-three percent of married couples sleep in separate beds in order to get more sleep. The National Sleep Foundation found that on average, people in relationships will lose an average of 49 minutes of sleep per night because of their partner's sleep problems.

Guy

Paul Bradbury/Getty ImagesA recent study found that many people over 55 still dream in monochrome because they were brought up on black and white television. People under 25 almost universally dream in color.

Sleep Bed

AFP/AFP/Getty ImagesThe way you sleep can benefit your health: Sleeping on your left side eases the pain of heart burn, while lying face down can aid digestion during the night.

Sleeping Feet

Pixabay The falling sensation you might get as you drift off to sleep has a name: Hypnic jerks, or sleep starts.

Sleep Park Bench

Pedro Armestre/AFP/Getty ImagesA whopping 40 percent of American adults are sleep-deprived, or get less than seven hours of sleep per night.

Sleep Student

Sean Gallup/Getty ImagesThe National Sleep Foundation reports that only 15 percent of teens get the recommended 8.5 hours of sleep per night, and a study by University of Utah Health Care found that 90 percent of American high school students are chronically sleep deprived.

Single Mom

Frederic J. Brown/AFP/Getty ImagesThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that single moms are the most sleep-deprived population in the U.S.: 44 percent get less than seven hours of sleep per night.

Child

Elva Etienne/Getty Images A UC Irvine study found that toddlers who regularly co-sleep with their parents grow up to be more independent. That means they're more likely to be self-reliant, and have an easier time making friends.

Waking Up

Milan Markovic/Getty ImagesCar accidents increase by 17 percent on the Monday after the switch to daylight saving time — when people lose an hour of sleep. Researchers say that even the loss of an hour of sleep can cause a dangerous disruption in sleep cycles.

Puppy Love

Jin Chu Ferrer/Getty ImagesForty-two percent of all dog owners allow their pets to sleep in the bed with them at night. Dr. Russell Rosenburg, Chairman of the Board of the National Sleep Foundation, told the Huffington Post that though pets are known to reduce stress levels, "sleeping with a pet can be bad for you" because of their disruptive behavior during the night.

Monday Morning

Paul Bradbury/Getty Images There's a real term for struggling to re-adjust to your work week after several days off: It's called social jet lag, and according to researchers at the Institute of Medical Psychology, it increases your risk of obesity.

Not Getting Up

Tara Moore/Getty Images That "natural alarm clock" that enables some people to wake right around when they need to is caused by a burst of the stress hormone called adrenocorticotropin. This natural wake up call is the result of an unconscious anticipation of the stress you'll face once you're awake.

Side Sleeper

C. Beth Ellis /EyeEm/Getty ImagesVarious studies have shown that getting a good night's sleep increases stamina in athletes; reduces inflammation (which can lead to heart attacks); makes it easier to study, and lowers stress levels.

Sleeping

Ghislain & Marie David de Lossy/Getty ImagesLack of sleep puts your mental health at serious risk. Mark Rosekind of the National Transportation Safety Board told The Washington Post that, "Your decision-making, reaction time, situational awareness, memory, and communication...go down by 20 to 50 percent" when you lose sleep.

Sleep Taxi

Gonzalo Arroyo/Getty ImagesTwenty-seven percent of Americans report that they've driven to work drowsy, which can be fatal. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that people who sleep six to seven hours a night are twice as likely to be involved in a car crash as those who sleep eight hours.

Ambien Bottle

Tim Boyle/Getty ImagesA book entitled The Secret Life Of Sleep claims that in 2005, U.S. doctors wrote six million prescriptions for Ambien, a medication prescribed to alleviate insomnia.

The drug is known as a "sedative-hypnotic" and users can become dependent on it to fall asleep in as soon as two weeks. Ambien addiction can lead to severe withdrawal symptoms like confusion, nausea, and even worse insomnia than before the drug was prescribed.

Teen

Lynn Koenig/Getty ImagesSleep paralysis is the temporary inability to move or speak as you're either waking up or falling asleep -- and the condition usually involves terrifying hallucinations.

The condition affects less than eight percent of Americans, but those who suffer from it report feeling as though a ghost-like presence is sitting on their chest, and some even claim to see shadowing figures moving around the room.

Sleep Desk

Uriel Sinai/Getty ImagesTiredness peaks twice a day, first at 2 a.m. and again at 2 p.m., which accounts for your daily post-lunch crash.

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