Few volcanoes are as spectacular as Mount Nyiragongo. Known for its active lava lake and (relatively) frequent eruptions, this incredible volcano has the potential for widespread disaster. Unfortunately, political unrest prevents the scientific community from studying the dangerous volcano in depth. But as seen in these breathtaking images, scientists and photographers have still been able to capture the bubbling, fiery lava that churns within the mountain’s lava lake.
Browsing ATI By volcanoes
When it comes to size, Iceland is roughly the size of Ohio, but within that relatively humble space are hundreds of volcanoes; so many that in the last 500 years, Iceland alone has been responsible for 30 percent of the world’s lava flow. Pair this with glaciers that also populate the landscape, and you have the perfect storm of natural occurrences that make stunning aerial photographs like these possible.
If you gaze upon the Indonesian Kawah Ijen volcano at night, you’ll encounter a dangerous mix of beauty and toxicity. Pure molten sulfur that, upon making contact with air, combusts and smolders, creating a glow reminiscent of blue fire and spills down the sides of the 8,660 feet tall volcano. The substance is not lava, as some assume.It’s easy to make that mistake, though, seeing how the sulfur seeps from the mountains cracks and turns to liquid as it continues to flow. The event’s combustible nature (the gases are a forbidding 1,112 degrees Fahrenheit) and noxious gases can create flame bursts up to sixteen feet high.
Flowing lava, spewing ash and transforming the landscape, volcanos are simultaneously terrifying and endlessly fascinating. On Earth, volcanos are usually located in places where tectonic plates converge and diverge. More than 75% of the world’s volcanoes are considered active, meaning that they’ve erupted within the last 10,000 years. Read on to check out our compilation of the world’s coolest volcanic eruptions.
Nestled in the east Andes of Ecuador, records hold that the Reventador volcano has erupted a mere 25 times since 1541. With that said, however, the largest eruption (featured above) took place in 2002, where the stratovolcanic plume extended an astounding 10 miles high into the air.
The volcano has inspired legend for centuries, and for good reason. In 2011, the majestic Icelandic menace known as Grimsvotn volcano erupted and caused quite the ruckus for European fliers for the weeks to come, all the while reminding us how incredibly small we really are.