Before New York City’s Pennsylvania Station became the busiest transit hub in the country — and the most hated train station in America — it was a classic example of beautiful Beaux-Arts architecture and the fourth largest building in the world.
The original Penn Station was built in 1910, and was modeled off of the Roman Baths of Caracalla, complete with 150-foot-tall marble ceilings. The head of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, Alexander Cassatt, commissioned the project, making it possible to cross the Hudson River by something other than a ferry for the first time in history. It was one of the greatest engineering feats of its day.
Sadly, however, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company just couldn’t afford to maintain their architectural masterpiece. Passenger trains declined in popularity after WWII, and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company knew they could make big money by selling the air rights above the station.
Just 53 years after it was created, Penn Station was demolished, despite great public outcry, to make room for Madison Square Garden, and the station underneath took on the drab, windowless, commercialized air it’s known for today:
For more incredible then and now photography, check out how much the world’s most densely populated city has changed, and what Washington Square Park looked like before skyscrapers.