It is the biggest opal mining area in the world. It is also home to around 3,500 people of 45 different nationalities, many of them Europeans who arrived in the 1960s in search of fortune. But this small city in southern Australia also lays claim to another rarity: most of its inhabitants live underground.

Coober Pedy Welcome Sign

Image Source: Flickr

This year, the town of Coober Pedy celebrated its 100th anniversary. John McDouall Stuart first explored the area in the late 19th century, and though the town was not formally established until 1915, it initially bore the name of Stuart Range Opal Field, in Stuart’s honor. Five years later, the place was renamed. People called it Coober Pedy, which comes from kupa-piti, an aboriginal term that means, literally, “the white man’s hole.”

Coober Pedy Orange Chimneys

Chimneys poke out of the ground at Coober Pedy, Australia. Image Source: Flickr

From a Greek Orthodox church to Jehovah’s Witness Kingdom Hall, this white man’s hole has it all. Everything from churches and a school, to a bookstore and hotels — which serve a growing number of tourists who come to see the odd city or to search for precious opal stones — is buried in the dirt.

Coober Pedy Outside Landscape

The Coober Pedy “skyline.” Image Source: Flickr

Why do the citizens of Coober Pedy choose to live like moles? It’s simple: life above ground is too hot. In the summer, temperatures at Coober Pedy reach 104 degrees Fahrenheit and sometimes higher, with very little rain. In such heat, cave life just beats above-ground living. Inside the white man’s hole, people are protected from desert sandstorms and enjoy a constant, cool temperature of around 74 degrees Fahrenheit, making desert life more bearable.

As a tourist in Coober Pedy, you can visit the art galleries, a working mine (and even try to dig a bit yourself), or the scenes of movies like Mad Max or Priscilla Queen of the Desert. For something different – as if everything was not different already – you might want to check out the Painted Desert (a nearby ancient seabed of spectacular beauty), the old cemetery filled with the deceased from diverse backgrounds, or the kangaroo rehabilitation center.

At night you can enjoy their grassless golf course, where all the golfers use glow-in-the-dark golf balls. What you can’t do, however, is to see the Coober Pedy Saints play football. The Saints never play home games. It’s just too hot, and, so far at least, the town hasn’t hollowed out a football field.

Coober Pedy Underground Hallway
Coober Pedy Underground Housing
Coober Pedy Living Room
Coober Pedy Inside Bookstore
Inside Coober Pedy, Australia’s Awesome Underground City
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Teresa Cantero
Teresa is a freelance journalist and former Fulbright scholar now based in Spain. She has an M.S. in Global Affairs from New York University and a Bachelors in Journalism from the Universidad de Navarra.
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