Archeologists have finally discovered how supplies such as limestone and granite made it to Giza.
Since the pyramids were built, archeologists have been questioning the Egyptian’s construction methods. It seems that every time they think they have, it figured out, something new appears.
In the past, archaeologists discovered that the tomb was built out of limestone and granite, sometime in 2,600 BC. They also knew that the granite was definitely from a town called Aswan, 553 miles south of Giza and that the limestone came from Tura, 8 miles from Giza.
They did not, however, know how the Egyptians, a society with hardly any technology and no use of the wheel, were able to transport the materials to the site of the pyramids.
Now, however, new findings have emerged, allowing archaeologists insight into how the Egyptians transported the 2-ton blocks of limestone and granite from 500 miles away.
A system of waterways, now empty, was discovered beneath the Giza plateau, the area that surrounds the pyramids, which archaeologists believe connects to the Nile River. A ceremonial boat was also discovered, leading archaeologists to believe that these boats were loaded with the materials, floated down the river, and eventually right up to the front door of the pyramid.
‘We’ve outlined the central canal basin which we think was the primary delivery area to the foot of the Giza Plateau,’ said Mark Lehner, a leading expert in the field.
Along with the boat, a papyrus scroll was also discovered, in the seaport Wadi Al-Jarf, which lies south-west of Giza.
The scroll, written by an Egyptian workman named Merer, describes his experiences overseeing a team of 40 workmen. He says that the team was involved in opening dykes to divert water from the Nile to the pyramid, through man-made canals. It also describes how casing stones were shipped from Tura to Giza.
As of now, the scroll is the only known first-hand account of the construction of the Great Pyramid.
Check out this video for a walkthrough of how the pyramids were built.